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Weight loss : Obesity and methods of treatment

   

Weight loss : Obesity and methods of treatment






Obesity and methods of treatment


Obesity diseases rampant malnutrition significantly in the current era, and obesity is a disease of genetic dimensions but the nature of the reporting of this inheritance is not known, but obesity caused by hormonal imbalance they do not constitute more than 2% of cases of obesity.


What is obesity and what kinds:


Obesity is defined generally as increased abnormally in the proportion of fat cells in the body, ranging from obesity simple and obesity malicious, and to find out the extent of excessive obesity put scientists body mass index (MI) ody mass index as a measure, which is equal to weight in kilograms divided by the square of height in meters, ranging unmarked natural between 20 and 27 kg m 2.

Risk of obesity:


1 - medical risks: diabetes, blood pressure, gall bladder disease, gastrointestinal diseases, menstrual disorders, the dissolution of the separation, venous blood stasis, suffocation self sleep, snoring, peripheral artery disease, hardening of the arteries, increasing the risk of some types of cancer, sudden death.


2 - social hazards: Restrict dress, restrict care of hygiene self, restrict sit and mobility.


3 - physical hazards: the costs of the failed methods of treatment, the cost of medical treatment of obesity, the costs of special clothing or equipment and special tools, shrinking opportunities for some jobs and business.


4 - psychological hazards: frustration isolation shyness, self-neglect, despair.


Ways to treat obesity, they vary depending on the situation, obesity Statistics and medium There are several ways to reduce the weight the most important food system and exercises, in the case of obesity and malignant studies have shown the futility of the ways non-surgical but are advised not to leave surgical solution as the latest solutions for the treatment of obesity Muftrh as the risk of postponement treatment of severe obesity.


The types of surgeries available has varied surgical procedures for the treatment of obesity and each has its benefits and harms and side summed up in three ways:


1 - change the shape of the stomach to reduce its capacity or what is known linking the stomach Gastropasty and to this kind objected to the amount of eating without interfering with the process of digestion, a process most optimal for the treatment of obesity for low risks and high success rate.


2 - Connecting the stomach sideways bowel Gastric ypass with or without the eradication of part of the stomach and the kind objected to the amount of eating, as well as the process of digestion and absorption of food, and leads to a lack of certain vitamins and iron, which requires providing the patient, and the process used to treat obesity malicious.


3 - Use of processed forms like a balloon or a roll of the stomach Total Gastric wrap these methods and results are not satisfactory as many as damages.

What is the optimal surgical procedure:


Optimum process must have the following conditions:


1 - to be safe and low risk (less than 10%).


2 - To be effective, the sense of being able to more than 80% of the patients to get rid of 40% of excess weight or more, and then maintain it for more than five years.


3 - should be possible to re-work Reproduci le easily.


4 - to be the need for re-operation or perform another operation less than 5% per year .

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