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Obesity: a preventative treatment for obesity

 

Obesity: a preventative treatment for obesity





Obesity: a preventative - treatment for obesity



Obesity is defined as the high percentage of total body fat that causes an increase in body weight inappropriately for age and height, and obesity usually occurs gradually as a result of consuming calories and fats at a rate that exceeds their consumption or burning in the body, which leads to the accumulation of more fat and thus obesity.

The human body consists of water, muscles, bones, and fats, and when we talk about excess weight, we have to define and say excess fat, because the problem for a fat person lies in the high percentage of fat in his body to a degree that could endanger his health, in addition to that, the distribution of Body fat is of particular importance; Fat that collects around the hip and waist is the most important indicator when assessing the risk of obesity complications.


We will explain more about this scale (BMI Index) later. However, it must be taken into account that this scale is not without weakness, according to what was stated by the American Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention). Its vulnerabilities include:

  • The influence of certain factors, including muscle mass, age and gender, on the relationship between this scale and the body.
  • The inability of this scale to provide details of how body fat is distributed.
  • This scale cannot differentiate muscle mass, bone, and fat.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimated that about 35% of American adults are obese, and about 17% of teens and children have it. Also, through a survey conducted between 2009 and 2010, the following was found:

- More than one adult in 20 is considered obese, whose body mass index (BMI) is 40 or more.

- More than 1 adult in 3 is considered obese.

- More than 1 child or adolescent in 6 children or adolescents between the ages of 6-19 is considered obese.

Obesity treatment


Obesity treatment aims to lose weight and maintain it at a healthy amount. It is known that obesity is treated by reducing the intake of calories, eating healthy foods and engaging in physical activities. To do this, the attending physician must be asked to, together with a dietitian, organize a low-calorie, balanced, and appropriate diet program for the person's condition. Also, the person must be advised to eat his food slowly and to avoid the circumstances that make him overeating.

In the beginning, the goal of losing weight is modest, or about 3 to 5% of the weight, so that health begins with good. That is, a person with obesity who weighs 100 kg, for example, must lose 3 - 5 kg of weight.

Of course, it is necessary to organize a special program for practicing sports activities for a period of 2:30 to 5 hours per week. These activities can include brisk walking and swimming.

In addition, some people with obesity may need sessions of psychological counseling to help change their perceptions of eating and eating.

The method of losing weight differs from one person to another, and the appropriate method depends on the person’s general health, the extent of his desire to lose weight, and his degree of obesity.

Obesity prevention

For those suffering from obesity and those who are at risk of developing it, or even among those who have a healthy weight, there are steps that can be taken to prevent obesity and its complications, and maintain a healthy weight.

This can be achieved by choosing a healthy lifestyle regimen:

By consuming healthy, balanced foods

Focus on low-calorie, nutrient-rich foods, including whole grains, fruits, vegetables, and lean protein.

As for foods high in calories and high in fat, they should be eaten in small quantities, including those that contain saturated fat.

It must also eat three meals per day.

An important point to consider is knowing the foods and conditions that cause a person to lose control of their diet. This is to be able to control it and prevent wrong eating behaviors.

Do moderate physical activities for 150 to 300 minutes per week, including swimming and brisk walking.

In addition, it is advised to monitor the weight at least once a week, as this helps the person to recognize whether the diet he is following in terms of eating and drinking and exercising is successful or not.

It is mentioned that commitment to these steps must be made during all days, even holidays as much as possible to be able to reach long-term success.

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