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Weight loss : Treating blood pressure 2021


Weight loss : Treating blood pressure 2021

Treating blood pressure 

Some people have high blood pressure for years without feeling any symptoms. 

Unattended high blood pressure increases the risk of serious health problems, such as heart attack and stroke.

High blood pressure often develops over many years, and eventually it appears in nearly all people.

Fortunately, the disease is very easy to detect, so it can be controlled with the help of doctors.

Symptoms of high blood pressure

Symptoms of high blood pressure do not appear in most people who suffer from it, as well as in cases where blood pressure is recorded at values so high that it is dangerous.

In some patients, the following symptoms appear in the first stages of the disease:

  • Mild aches in the head
  • Dizziness
  • Excessive nosebleeds.

But these signs and symptoms usually appear when the disease has reached a more advanced stage, to the point where it is life-threatening.

Causes and risk factors of high blood pressure

There are two types of hypertension:

Primary (major) hypertension:

  In 90% - 95% of cases in adults, the cause cannot be defined. This type tends to develop gradually, over several years.

Secondary hypertension:

In the remaining 5% - 10%, this type is generated as a result of another disease, and usually appears suddenly and causes a higher blood pressure than that caused by the primary.

Several diseases and medicines are among the most important causes of secondary hypertension, including:

  • Kidney disease
  • Tumors in the adrenal gland
  • Certain congenital heart defects

Certain medicines such as:

 birth control pills, anti-cold medicines, and medicines to relieve congestion

Over-the-counter pain relievers and a number of prescription medications
Drugs such as cocaine and amphetamine (a neurostimulant - amphetamine)

Risk factors

There are many factors that increase the risk of developing high blood pressure, some of which are uncontrollable, and include:

Age: the risk of developing the disease increases with age. In early middle age, the disease is more common among men. As for women, they tend to develop the disease in the postmenopausal period (menopause).

Family history: Hypertension tends to be transmitted genetically.

Complications of high blood pressure

Excess blood pressure on artery walls can damage blood vessels and other organs in the body. 
The more high the blood pressure and the longer it remained without treatment for a long time, the greater the damage.

  Untreated, high blood pressure may lead to:

  • Damage to blood vessels
  • Aneurysm (local aneurysm of blood vessel walls)
  • Cardiac arrest
  • A blockage or rupture of a blood vessel in the brain
  • Weakening and narrowing of the blood vessels in the kidneys
  • Thickening, narrowing or breaking of the blood vessels in the eyes
  • Problems with memory or understanding