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The effect of obesity on heart health

 The effect of obesity on heart health

A healthy body weight plays a major role in maintaining normal blood pressure levels and a healthy heart. Several studies have shown that maintaining weight prevents the risk of heart disease, strokes, and many other diseases.

The effect of obesity on heart health

The effect of obesity on heart health:

  • Obesity affects heart health indirectly through high blood pressure.
  • Obesity is a contributing factor to cardiac ischemia, resulting from the close relationship between obesity and the high level of harmful cholesterol in the blood, which induces vasoconstriction in the coronary arteries.
  • Obesity-related cardiomyopathy.
  • There are some moderate to severe cases that cause an increase in blood volume and cardiac output, due to the increase in metabolic activity resulting from the amount of excess fat in the body.
  •  May cause severe stress to the heart muscle and enlargement of the left ventricle as a result of an overload on the heart, In addition to poor diastolic function, and its symptoms are shortness of breath resulting from stress.
  • If this condition is left untreated, symptoms may worsen and lead to congestive heart failure.

The effect of obesity on the health of the heart and the body in general:

  1. Inflammation and erosion of the joints.
  2. Spinal and disc pain and increased risk of herniated disc.
  3. High blood pressure and diabetes.
  4. Gout and liver failure.
  5. Increased chances of developing cancer such as bowel, ovarian and breast cancer.
  6. Indigestion and heartburn.
  7. Exposure to skin problems
  8. Incidence of endocrine and lung diseases
  9. Shortness of breath and stops during sleep.
  10. Problems with body movement.
  11. Feeling tired and tired quickly.
  12. Feeling sluggish, sluggish, lack of energy and liveliness.
  13. Defects and disorders of secretion of various hormones in the body.

Obesity complications and their severity:

  • Obese patients may suffer from metabolic syndrome, the symptoms of which are high blood pressure, increased abdominal circumference measurement, and high levels of cholesterol and blood sugar.
  • Obese women are more likely to have complications during pregnancy and childbirth.
  •  As for people who suffer from obesity in the upper part of the body, they are more likely to have arterial disease, diabetes and stroke.
  • The obese patient is more likely to die prematurely compared to lower obesity.

Direct causes (causes of obesity):

In 80-90% of patients, obesity results from an increased appetite for food.

Weight also increases when not doing movements and sports and staying for a long time at home without going for walks and trips.

Among other reasons leading to obesity, we mention:

2. Foot gout (Kings disease) or gout disease.

3. Alcohol.

4. Nervous tension.

5. Damage to the nervous center of appetite, as a result of the presence of tumors in the "hypothalamus", the pituitary gland, and others.

6. The genetic and familial factor is of prime importance in the pathogenesis of the disease.

Degrees of obesity:

The degrees of development of this disease, determined by the increase in the percentage of weight above the normal limit:

We distinguish four degrees of obesity:

1. First degree: Body weight increases by 10 (11)% - 29 (30)%.

2. The second degree: The body weight increases by 30% to 49 (50)%.

3. The third degree: the weight is increased by 50-100%.

4. The fourth degree: the body weight increases by more than 100%.

How to prevent obesity:

Weight should be monitored by using the body mass index, which is a measure of the amount of fat by body weight and height.

The measurement process is done by dividing the value of weight in kilograms by the value of height in meters, and the ideal body mass index ranges between 18.5 and 24.9 kilograms per square meter.

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