Main menu


Do you suffer from nutritional deficiencies?

Do you suffer from nutritional deficiencies? Here are the reasons with the best treatment methods

The term undernourishment or malnutrition refers to the condition in which a person's diet does not provide all the nutrients requirements or the correct balance of nutrients for optimum health.

Do you suffer from nutritional deficiencies?
Do you suffer from nutritional deficiencies?

Causes of nutritional deficiencies include inadequate food choices, lack of financial income, difficulty obtaining food, in addition to various physical and mental health conditions.

Undernutrition is a type of malnutrition. This happens when the body does not get enough food. It can lead to growth retardation, weight loss, or "emaciation."

If a person does not get the right balance of nutrients, they can also be undernourished, or become obese.

When a person has little to no food, a restricted diet, or a condition that prevents their body from getting the right balance of nutrients, they may be susceptible to that effect. In some cases, this can become life threatening.

This article in front of you covers the topic of nutritional deficiency in detail, including its associated causes, symptoms and treatments.

What is nutritional deficiency?

Malnutrition occurs when a person gets too much or too little of certain nutrients. Nutritional deficiency occurs when the body lacks nutrients because it generally eats too little food.

A person who is undernourished may lack the vitamins, minerals and other essential substances that the body needs to function well.

Malnutrition can lead to:

  • Short and long-term health problems
  • Slow healing of wounds and illnesses
  • Difficulty concentrating at work or school
  • High risk of infection

Some deficiencies can lead to specific health problems. For example:

Vitamin A deficiency

Many children around the world have vision problems due to a vitamin A deficiency.

Vitamin C deficiency

Vitamin C deficiency can lead to 'scurvy'. Scurvy is rare, but it can develop if a person does not have a varied diet with lots of fresh fruits and vegetables.

Older adults, young children, those who consume a lot of alcohol, and some people with certain mental health conditions may be especially at risk.

Nutritional deficiency in general

Lack of all nutrients can lead to kwashiorkor, which is a "severe form of malnutrition". One of the symptoms of this condition is flatulence.

Severe wasting is another potential consequence of severe nutritional deficiency. A wasted person will have very little muscle or fat in their body.

Symptoms of nutritional deficiency

Some of the signs of nutritional deficiency include:

  • Loss of fat, muscle mass, and body tissues
  • Lack of appetite or interest in food or drink
  • Inability to concentrate
  • Tired
  • I always feel cold
  • Depression
  • Increased risk of disease and takes longer to heal
  • Higher risk of complications after surgery
  • Ultimately, a person may also have difficulty breathing and heart failure.

In children, there are:

  • Lack of growth and low body weight
  • Fatigue and lack of energy
  • Irritability and anxiety
  • Slow behavioral and intellectual development, which may lead to learning difficulties
Cure is possible. However, in some cases, nutritional deficiencies have long-term effects. Anorexia nervosa is a mental health condition that can lead to severe malnutrition.

the reasons

Malnutrition can occur for various reasons. The sections below describe these possible causes, with an explanation.

Lack of food intake

Some people become malnourished because not enough food is available or because they have difficulty consuming or absorbing nutrients. This can happen as a result of the following:

  • cancer
  • Liver disease
  • Conditions that cause nausea or make it difficult to eat or swallow
  • Taking medications that make eating difficult, for example due to nausea
  • Mouth problems, such as ill-fitting dentures, may also contribute to malnutrition.

Mental health

Undernourishment or malnutrition can affect people with:

  • Depression
  • Mental illness
  • Anorexia nervosa
  • Schizophrenia
  • Social and mobility problems

Factors that can affect a person's eating habits that are likely to lead to malnutrition include:

  • Not being able to leave the house or go to a food store
  • Whoever finds it physically difficult to prepare meals
  • Individual living, which may affect a person's motivation to cook and eat
  • Digestive disorders and stomach diseases
  • Limited cooking skills
  • Not having enough money to spend on food

If the body does not absorb nutrients efficiently, even a healthy diet may not prevent malnutrition. Examples of digestive and stomach conditions that may cause this include:

  • Crohn's disease
  • Ulcerative colitis
  • Celiac disease
  • Persistent diarrhea, vomiting, or both
  • Drinking alcohol

In the long term, consuming too much alcohol can lead to gastritis or pancreatic damage. These problems can make it difficult to digest food, absorb vitamins, and produce hormones that regulate metabolism.

Alcohol also contains calories, so you may not feel hungry after drinking it. So he may not eat enough healthy food to supply the body with essential nutrients.

Methods for treating nutritional deficiency

If a doctor diagnoses malnutrition, he will create a treatment plan for the person. A person may also need to see a dietician and other health care providers. Treatment depends on the severity of the malnutrition and the presence of any other underlying conditions or complications.

They may include:

  • Establish an eating plan, which may include taking nutritional supplements
  • Check for any problems with mouth or swallowing
  • Treat any infections that may be present
  • Treating certain symptoms such as nausea
  • Suggest alternative eating utensils
  • Ongoing examination and monitoring
In severe cases, a person may need:

  • Spending time in the hospital
  • Gradually take in the nutrients over several days
  • Receive nutrients such as potassium and calcium intravenously
  • The person's health care team will continue to monitor them to make sure they are getting the nutrition they need.

Methods of prevention

To prevent nutritional deficiencies, people need to consume a range of nutrients from a variety of foods. Older adults, young children, people with severe or chronic illnesses, and others may need extra care to ensure they get the nutrients they need.

Anyone who shows signs of nutritional deficiency or nutritional deficiency should see a doctor for diagnosis and treatment.